Central Intelligence Agency
- (CIA)A clandestine agency of the United States government, responsible for foreign intelligence and counterintelligence. Established by the National Security Act of 1947, the CIA has been used by presidents as a tool of analysis and covert activity. During the Cold War, combating communism was the agency’s primary mission. In 1954, during the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, the CIA staged the overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz, the left-wing president of Guatemala. In 1961, during the administration of President John F. Kennedy, the CIA attempted to oust Fidel Castro of Cuba by directing the Bay of Pigs invasion. Among the agency’s Cold War activities were experiments on mind control and (unsuccessful) attempts on the lives of foreign leaders—Castro, in particular.In 1975 the CIA’s covert operations came under the investigation of the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities. Chaired by Frank Church, the Committee looked into possible CIA involvement in the 1973 coup that deposed the Marxist president Salvador Allende Gossens of Chile. The CIA had tried for many years to prevent Allende Gossens from gaining the presidency. Once he took office in 1970, the United States reduced aid, curtailed trade, and cut off supplies. The CIA was instructed to sabotage the Chilean economy, following the orders of President Richard Nixon to “make the economy scream.” The CIA also carried out Track II—a top-secret plan to instigate a military coup. From 1970 to 1973 the CIA spent $8 million to undermine the Allende Gossens government, supporting the opposition in business, labor, media, and politics. Although the Church Committee found no evidence that the CIA took a direct part in overthrowing Allende Gossens, the agency knew about the plan for the coup and encouraged those who put it into action.
Historical Dictionary of the “Dirty Wars” . David Kohut and Olga Vilella. 2010.
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Central intelligence agency — « CIA » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir CIA (homonymie). Central Intelligence Agency … Wikipédia en Français
Central Intelligence Agency — Gründung 18. September 1947 Direktor David Petraeus Stellvertretender Direktor Michael Morell … Deutsch Wikipedia
Central Intelligence Agency — n. the agency of the federal government concerned with intelligence gathering and other activities involving national security * * * ➡ CIA. * * * ▪ United States government Introduction principal foreign intelligence and counterintelligence… … Universalium
Central Intelligence Agency — n. the agency of the federal government concerned with intelligence gathering and other activities involving national security … English World dictionary
Central Intelligence Agency — CIA redirects here. For other uses, see CIA (disambiguation). Central Intelligence Agency Official Seal of the CIA Agency overview Formed September 18, 1947 … Wikipedia
Central Intelligence Agency — « CIA » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir CIA (homonymie). Central Intelligence Agency Sceau de la CIA Agence précédente … Wikipédia en Français
Central Intelligence Agency — noun an independent agency of the United States government responsible for collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national interest; headed by the Director of Central Intelligence under the… … Useful english dictionary
Central Intelligence Agency — (CIA) The CIA developed from the wartime Office of Strategic Services and was established under the National Security Act of 1947 at the start of the Cold War. The purpose of the CIA was to gather foreign intelligence, direct propaganda, and… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Central Intelligence Agency — CIA * * * Central Intelligence Agency [ sentrəl ɪn telɪdʒəns eɪdʒənsɪ, englisch] die, , CIA … Universal-Lexikon
Central Intelligence Agency — Central In|tel|li|gence A|gen|cy, the the full name of the ↑CIA … Dictionary of contemporary English